On Tuesday Oct. 29, China will allow all parents to have two children, and will no longer enforce their one-child policy.
The purpose of this new law is to improve the balanced development of population and to deal with an aging population, according to the communique issued after the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee held from Monday to Thursday.
Xinhua said the proposal will still need to be approved by China’s top legislature before it can be enacted, according to CNN.
In 1979, China installed the one child law to help stabilize the population, according to BBC News.
“China’s family planning policy was first introduced in the late 1970s to rein in the surging population by limiting most urban couples to one child and most rural couples to two children, if the first child born was a girl,” according to Xinhua. “The policy was later relaxed to say that any parents could have a second child if they were both only children.”
It is estimated that this law has prevented about 400 million births, according to BBC News, and China now worries about the aging population, which is what was pressured for the change to occur.
“China will fully implement the policy of ‘one couple, two children’ in a proactive response to the issue of an aging population,” Xinhua said.
According to BBC News, about 30 percent of China’s population is over the age of 50. The total population of the country is around 1.36 billion.